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Sundiata last won the day on May 3

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About Sundiata

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  1. They're actually still being built today... https://www.addisherald.com/ethiopian-modern-rock-hewan-churches/ Indeed, they did. I only realized this past year. Give me some time and I might be able to scrounge up some more references. Yes, but the Futuh Al Habasi is a period account written by an eye-witness. If Sihab ad-Din Ahmad bin 'Abd al-Qader saw chainmail, there was probably chainmail. Probably not a lot. But apparently enough to equip some elite units.
  2. I've never seen chain mail on Abyssinians, so I was originally inclined to think that it would probably be inaccurate, as far as I could tell... But it turns out I was wrong. As a source the article cites ''Conquest of Abyssinia by Shibab ad-Din pg 43''. Yeah, but those were muslim enemies of Abyssinia. BUT, I learned about some other passages in the Futuh Al-Habasa (Conquest of Abyssinia), from a Portuguese history teacher I sometimes interact with on Historum, called Tulius. I'll just quote him: So, yeah, to my utter surprise, they did indeed use chainmail to some degree... The only depiction I've ever seen of Ethiopian chainmail was an Osprey illustration, depicting an Ethiopian noble cavalry man, alongside Portuguese allies during the Abyssinian-Adal war: Heroes could use these quilted cotton armors (or perhaps just caparisons?):
  3. Mahdists, from modern day Sudan: . Yeah, chain mail was widespread from Sudan, To Bornu:
  4. I don't think the Kingdom of Zimbabwe ever stretched to the coast. I think dhows might be inappropriate for them. The Kingdom of Mutapa, successor of Zimbabwe, did actually stretch to the coast and ruled Sofala the main port of the region. The actual sailing was done by resident Swahili's from the coast.
  5. It's coral stone. Literally petrified coral or something. It's what a lot of the islands and coastal regions are made of. But it would usually be plastered, so wouldn't be very visible normally. Swahili architecture is pretty amazing... Visuals from historical sites like the stone towns of Kilwa, Songo Mnara, Lamu and Gedi, in no particular order:
  6. Thanks for sharing! I actually saw it. Not too bad... I agree, his videos are a little embellished. He tries though, but it's not quite up to academic standards. But I think they're decent intro's to relatively obscure chapters in African history. I occasionally see a video of his. There's an amazing piece of art shared in the video you linked, and I really love it! I don't even know who made this It almost looks like @Victor Rossi's work, but I didn't see anything on his artstation page, and reverse image searches turn up nothing? Was it commissioned specifically for the video?? Don't know. But it's on point! I still have hundreds of references to post... I've fallen so hopelessly behind...
  7. Tata Somba's were/are built by Gur speaking people. They're very distinct from Dahomey and I don't think they should be mixed. Why not make custom maps with Tata Somba's populated by gaia units that can be raided for resources? Dahomey is really cool though! Some visuals:
  8. West African fortifications continued. This time, I'm happy to present pictures and engravings of the West African fortifications. Mostly from the Upper Senegal, Gambia and Niger rivers, from Senegal to Mali. Mostly dating to the 19th century though. But they might offer clues to earlier fortification systems. A few of these depictions are exceptionally rare. At the end I'll include some Nigerian (mostly Hausa) fortifications as well. Enjoy!
  9. These guys are Mossi, from Burkina Faso. That's King Wobgho, previously known as Boukary Koutou, and his men: Found the original source recently, sorry for repost: Not necessarily a bad reference though... They're actually ok. Actually you could just call them Mossi Mercenaries... Here are some more 19th century references for the Mali region. Just imagine them without guns Bambara and Toucouleurs duking it out: Mandinka warriors: Mandinka types in Kong (Ivory Coast), emigrants from the Mali Empire (excellent reference, can be used as is): Random warrior types (archers I think) from the Mali region: Toucouleurs (a lot of Mandinka influence here): A local ruler: Some more cavalry types from the greater Mali region (not exactly sure from where ) This one is perfect for some heavier cav: These look like Fulani types: Basic troops can be really basic... Toucouleurs fighting the French:
  10. Ha, I start posting on page 61 of that thread. @m7600, should check it out. You like it I'm sorry, I keep running short on time...
  11. @Mr.lie, Great screenshots and videos. You can disable unit silhouettes in the menu to get even better shots! @m7600:
  12. I haven't read Wiredu's book and I'm definitely not a professional philosopher, but I did just read the article you linked and it was interesting, and very recognizable. From what I could glean, between Wiredu and Gyekye, I'm inclined to follow Wiredu's views more. It sounds a little rough on the edges (Not all humans are persons?!), but from an Akan perspective, I think the slightly less sanitized version of Wiredu's explanation actually approaches the truth more closely than Gyekye's position which seems more tailored to Western readers. On the point of "personhood" and "non-personhood", not only is the term "onye nipa" (he is not a person), still used commonly, more often simply reduced to "onye" (he is not [correct]/useless), in extreme cases, someone can be insulted with the term "aboa" (literally animal, or wild beast), further reducing their personhood to nothing, and even questioning their humanity itself! That's one of the worst things you can call someone here...
  13. That's an Adinkra symbol, used by the group of tribes I belong to (Akan). It's called Gye Nyame (Except God), the most popular Adinkra symbol. You see it everywhere here (even in my house). Not suitable for Mali Empire Would be cool as the symbol for a special temple tech for an Ashanti civ, but they're from a later period. http://www.adinkrasymbols.org/symbols/gye-nyame Not bad... I think it's Dogon, although the Tuareg also use a very similar symbol to express their Amazigh identity... I always liked the Bamana Chiwara carvings, which is a popular Bambara symbol: But the Kanaga symbol really isn't that bad...
  14. An interesting argument, that I've not really seen before. One point is that indeed, forest elephants often have more level backs, some of them do actually have more S-shaped backs, and likewise some bush elephants have level backs. There's a relatively large degree of physical diversity even within the subspecies. It's a also true that the forest elephants usually have narrower, downward pointing tusks, but not all. Some have tusks just like bush elephants. Hybridization might indeed explain these discrepancies. Actually the argument isn't that they are forest elephants. The argument is that they belong to a third, now extinct subspecies, known as North African elephant (Loxodonta africana pharaohensis). It's often compared to forest elephants because its reported small stature. They may have branched off from forest elephants or bush elephants, the point is that they weren't comparable in size to most modern African bush elephants. Also, as already mentioned the African humid period was part of a cyclical event that turned the Sahara green, many times over in the past hundreds of thousands of years, providing ample opportunities for dispersal and subsequent differentiation of species and subspecies. Very possible...
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