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Sundiata

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Sundiata last won the day on November 21

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About Sundiata

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    Malcolm
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    Quartey

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  1. lol, check this out: A Kerma Period Kushite striped hyena ivory inlay (1700 BC - 1550 BC): Originally part of a typical Kerma Period bed, a design which persisted for thousands of years and were actually depicted in New Kingdom Egyptian tribute scenes depicting the produce from Kush. Somewhat similar beds are still used for marriage and funeral ceremonies in Sudan today. A reconstruction of the original piece, with inlays of striped hyenas, the goddess Taweret and Ibexes (Ibex are already in-game I think): Original next to reconstruction: Detail of the inlays including ibex and hyena
  2. ; Nope, not for the Kushites. There were a notable number of fortifications and fortified settlements which were lost and reconquered many times over in their history, so they must have had their ways. Apart from the mention of "catapults" in the Victory Stela of Piye's ("things" that throw rocks), or the evidence of sapping/tunneling/fire at Buhen, both of which predate 0AD, I have no references to go on. In the Egyptian record however, pictorial evidence for sieges, however rare, do exist. The tombs of Beni Hasan show exactly what you were talking about: they attack the top of the wall with long poles, protected by a light wooden construction, presumably covered in animal hides (not wheeled, but carried). I think the point was to clear the battlements of enemy fighters, partly destroying it. Then infantry could use ladders to climb the walls, or "demolition crews" could start hacking away at the walls or gates, or both. I would argue for a tunneling technology for all civs. So that you train a "tunneling crew" at the siege workshop. This crew would build a little tunnel entrance at x amount of meters from the target structure, and tunnel towards the target (with a disturbed earth decal for visual indication). When the tunnel reaches the base of the target structure, dust particles at its base will provide a visual indicator that it's under attack. After x amount of time, the target structure will collapse. Can be prevented by taking out the tunneling crew by simply destroying the tunnel entrance.
  3. Why is this so good?? That chorus is legit..... I feel like there is some deep social commentary here... Or maybe not... I dunno... "Evil comes in round shapes..."
  4. I mirrored your post about development progress, with a little more information and there seem to be a few bites: 2 programmers and an artist showed interest, 2 other programmers were tagged by their friends and there were 9 shares . People definitely respond positively to open and honest communication. They don't mind if development takes a while, as long as they know development is ongoing. They just need to be reminded sometimes that it's Open Source, volunteer based, and free. Then they will be more sympathetic to "delays", although I think that's the wrong word to use. There are no delays, because there is no fixed schedule, nor would a fixed schedule benefit anyone at this stage. It will just lead to stress, unnecessary friction and burnouts. On a previous post, one of the fans said: "Este juego es como el vino porque entre mas tiempo pasa, más bueno se pone" A livestream with devs, a podcast or some youtube Q&A really isn't a bad idea, but it's also time consuming and perhaps a bit stressful, if you want to do it right. As you said, it needs to be announced well in advance, and people need to be prepared. I think currently the devs are in the middle of discussing some things to try to get a slightly smoother development process going, so I'd wait at least a month or so, to see how the programming side goes, and then, when the devs feel comfortable/confident enough with the direction of development, they can think about "releasing" a simple roadmap with some specific plans for alpha 24, easy to understand for the fans. Just a list of bullet points, followed by a live Q&A stream. Of course this all depends on the devs themselves, who probably prefer to spend their time coding, but perhaps one or two would be interested. Perhaps if some of the artists are interested, I'm sure they have a lot to say/share as well, and could provide a lot of visual interest for a well prepared stream. Either way, I think it would be a really good initiative, to engage the community in such an interactive way, but be prepared for a lot of work, for something on which you might not see immediate returns (more of a long term positive effect).
  5. Oh my god, @feneur, @Lion.Kanzen, it was really as simple as that. Just needed to write something in the header.... I'm so sorry to waste your time, and thank you for the help!
  6. That doesn't work. The option to uploads gifs is not a part of the setup. If I try to upload it as photo/video, the upload screen just freezes. I can wait 30 minutes and nothing happens... As you can see, the option to share, or even preview is even greyed out. It's just stuck there in perpetuity... Every time, whether I use Safari or Firefox.
  7. Of course it is, it's awesome , But I can't embed it... @feneur, @Itms, why can't I embed GIF's to the facebook page? I asked before, but without the ability to embed gifs, a lot of good social media content is wasted. I think it's something you need to enable or something. It's silly because random commenters can leave gifs in the comments without a problem... How it is for me everywhere else (option to upload gifs): How it is on 0AD's page (no option to upload gifs): I found a workaround using a 3rd party website to host the gif and then embed it a couple weeks ago, but even that doesn't work anymore... I can't find any way to embed it. Just an external link appears, and nobody wants to click those...
  8. Nice... What's SP B1 and SP B2? And what's citadel?
  9. Didn't stop them from doing it. Riding without saddle and stirrups is an art in its own right, but it can and has been mastered. They wouldn't have been able to transmit as much energy as knights in a medieval jousting tournament, but they were still more than capable of killing you were you stand. But yeah, I don't think they would have used both hands in all cases. I was referring mostly to a Roman description of Parthian cavalry equipped with the kontos, a two handed lance in excess of 4 meters. maybe I should have shared this piece of a one handed lance But I was trying to help illustrate the use of 2 handed lances. Obviously they didn't use the sarissa on a horseback. I just thought that was just a placeholder.
  10. Kerma, capital of the First Kingdom of Kush, c. 2500 BC - 1500 BC As with the previous post, most of you will already be familiar with the site. Kerma was the seat of a Nubian state that the archaeologists refer to as the Kerma Kingdom, or the Kingdom of Kerma, and the associated culture as Kerma Culture. The capital was located in Upper Nubia, between the 3rd and the 4th Cataract (close to the third) This is the first Sudanese Kingdom that the Egyptians referred to as the Kingdom of Kush (k3š), a name which stuck for almost 3 millennia. These people were contemporaneous to the Middle Kingdom, the Akkadian Empire, the first Kings of Babylon, the Minoans, the Indus Valley Civilization and Stonehenge. They even predate the Mycenaeans. Its predecessor, Pre-Kerma began around 3500 BC, itself the culmination of even earlier sedentary traditions in Northern Sudan. The Kerma Period of Kushite history is important with regard to understanding the origins of advanced material culture, architecture, monumentalism, religion, state-hood and militaristic expansionism that predates the Egyptian conquest of Kush by more than a millennium! Kush, usually conflated with vague concepts of "Nubia", has often been seen as an irrelevant "adjunct" to Egypt. This outdated narrative is being entirely abandoned by modern Egyptologists and Nubiologists alike. Kerma Kushites actually ransacked the Middle Kingdom. The Egyptian Middle Kingdom fortresses in Lower Nubia, including Buhen, widely regarded as the most impressive fortifications in the world at that time, were all conquered by these Kerma Period Kushites in their earliest recorded march on Thebes. Elaborate Egyptian statuary which was looted during the campaigns were placed in the tombs of Kerma rulers, and testify to these early military incursions with relative success, as do the inscriptions in the tomb of Sobeknakht, an Egyptian official who recounted the counterattack against Kushites at Elkab, a mere 65 km south of Thebes, the embattled Egyptian capital. Incredibly, a looted vessel belonging to Sobeknakht was actually found in a Kerma tomb, illustrating that Sobeknakht's already finished tomb had already been looted by the Kushites prior to the Egyptian counterattack, and the inscription in the tomb was made after the counterattack, and the refurbishment of Sobeknakht's tomb. Here's something incredible to think about: The most famous of the looted Egyptian statues in Kerma Period Kushite tombs is the elegant statue of Lady Sennuwy, found in Kerma, Tumulus K III, hall A, a large 70 meter diameter mound with many rows of halls (often called "apartments") filled with burial goods and sacrificial offerings including humans (the largest tumuli reached a diameter close to 130 meters). This statue of Sennuwy comes from Asyut, Upper Egypt, a whopping 216 km NORTH of Thebes on the border of Middle Egypt. The implications are potentially far more significant than the inscriptions from Sobeknakht's tomb, but most academics have so far been shy to draw any conclusions. The Kerma Tumulus K III, dates to c. 1786 BC -1650 BC, which directly abuts the beginning of the Second Intermediate Period of Egypt: c. 1650 BC – 1550 BC! There's definitely still some untold history here... I did some compositing of other people's work Kerma: "making of" I watched a nice video on an exhibition on Kerma period Kush: Took screenshots of the panoramic shot of the city: Stitched them together: Cut out the city. Did some color corrections. Separated the front part of the city from the back part. Applied blur to the back to emphasize sense of distance and scale. Worked in a panoramic savannah shot as the background, and blurred it a little more than the back part of the city. And some other random stuff. Tadaaaa: @LordGood, I was like: I aLsO mAdE tHiS mEmE [insert upside down smiley] Map of central Kerma (This site was walled, and surrounded by more palaces/royal/elite compounds, agricultural villages and huge cemeteries with monumental chapels. Kerma is obviously important for many reasons. One of the things which Kerma tells us is that Kushite monumental architecture had started in Sudan more than a millennium before the Egyptian conquest of Kush. The Western Deffufa still stands to a height of 18 meters today! The Eastern Deffufa (Temple K II) is usually overshadowed by the larger one pictured above. But the Eastern Deffufa has it's own charm, if you realize that you're looking at a 3750 - 3480 year old monument: The magnificent faience lion-inlays come from this mortuary temple. So does this sandstone ceiling block with faience rosette inlays: Temple K II, the Funerary Chapel, a.k.a the Eastern Deffufa during the excavations of George A. Reisner: Another similar chapel on the map next to some of the biggest Tumuli (Temple K XI): As you can see, some of these "mudbrick" temples were actually encased in sandstone! The insides were plastered and painted, sometimes with addition of elaborate faience inlays! Note the staircase, probably leading to the roof, just as in the Western Deffufa. Temple K XI Take note of the use of cut stone columns! This is very significant as it shows us that columned structures, just like so many architectural features were already a feature of Kushite architecture centuries before the Egyptian occupation of the area (and centuries before columned structures appeared anywhere on the European mainland). Plan of the Eastern Cemetery: There are c. 30.000 tumuli in the cemeteries of Kerma... I have the distinct pleasure of presenting you with the highest quality pictures of some of the largest Kushite Tumuli ever to be indexed by Google I have looked for these pictures for almost 3 years! They're incredibly rare. I finally found them in the original excavation reports by George Andrew Reisner himself! The largest of these Royal Tumuli were absolutely huge! Probably not very tall, but huge nonetheless. Reisner, George A. Excavations at Kerma Vol II, Cambridge, Mass. 1924 http://sfdas.com/publications/ouvrages-specialises-en-ligne-ouvrages/article/excavations-at-kerma?lang=en Enjoy! Kerma Tumulus K IV Kerma Tumulus K III (The one where the looted Egyptian statue of Lady Sennuwy was found): The stolen damsel herself appears. Lady Sennuwy still located in the land of her captors, more than 3500 years later. Fully excavated statue in situ: Funnily, the Egyptian statues of Sennuwy and the less well preserved example of her husband Djefaihapi, aren't even the only Egyptian funerary statues in Tumulus K III. Other Kerma tombs also contained Egyptian statuary. Kushites were even known for looting Ptolemaic and Roman statues in later times as well. Stealing statues seems to have been a national pass time... Definitely an expression of power by Kushite rulers. From K III: Kerma Tumulus K X And here's a museum restauration of a much more modest tumulus: This one is a family affair: Kushite bronze daggers, some of them the size of short swords, from the tumuli at Kerma. Kushite Ivory inlays of Taweret, an Egyptian goddess, illustrating very early forms of syncretism: Take note of the knife/sword she is holding: Actual examples of such knives/swords from the tumuli at Kerma: photographic example: Lions were already central to the symbolism of Kush since the kerma period. Bronze lion inlays from Kerma: Incredibly well preserved sandals from Kerma, essentially identical to the later Napatan and Meroitic sandals (which often aren't as well preserved) Oddly appropriate artwork of Kerma Kushites "appropriating" articles from an Egyptian tomb during one of their raids or campaigns. The original Tombraiders. Perhaps not as sexy as Lara Croft, but at least as interesting... What is that guy doing with that axe??? Kushite burial customs: Raid on Buhen:
  11. Honestly, not really... I'm not the biggest fan of artillery towers for non-Greco-Roman-Carthage civs, but you circumvented that quite smartly with the Mauryan towers. It fits them well. I'm not sure the same should be done for Kushites. For some ideas, just for the sake of it I think that the bastions of the Royal City in Meroë would have been plastered white, while the bastions of more functional fortifications like Gala Abu Ahmed were drystone, with some of them still having evidence of mud brick parapets. I've seen an example of later Christian period fortifications of drystone towers still reaching 7 meters, suggesting some of the bastions may have been entirely drystone. Check this out, surviving parapets from the Medieval period: And I found a date for this one, it's a 13th century Christian fortress (el-Khandaq): They could help interpreting earlier Kushite fortifications using more or less the same techniques. Me butchering your blender model and resorting to photoshop to "finish" it: The drystone to parapet ratio is closer to reality here, and I removed windows from the drystone and added them to the mudbrick parapet instead. I'm actually more concerned about siege equipment for the Kushites. Particularly a battering ram, or tunneling/sapping (subterranean bolt shooter principle). I can't find anything in terms of references though... Only Egyptian stuff, and even that is virtually non-existant. Basically a frame covered by animal hides (cow hides) and carried, rather than rolled on wheels. Sorry, I can't be of more help. References of freestanding artillery tower derivatives is something I sadly can't produce.
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