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Genava55 last won the day on October 1

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About Genava55

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  1. Eng sub available. I posted a long time before on the topic of the battle-axe in alpine region (Lepontian and Rhaetian):
  2. There is a very good article wrote by Raimund Karl on the topic: https://dc.uwm.edu/ekeltoi/vol5/iss1/1/
  3. The rotating millstone, maybe not. The oldest finds are from North-Est Spain and Southern France, close to the Pyrenees. Hard to tell if this is Celtic or not, this is an area between several influence spheres. http://www.archeologiesenchantier.ens.fr/spip.php?article156 The scythe, yes it is really plausible. The oldest find, at my knowledge, is from the 3rd century BC in central France: https://www.images-archeologie.fr/Accueil/Recherche/p-3-lg0-notice-IMAGE-Faux-en-fer-retrouvee-dans-une-fosse-IIIe-s.-avant-notre-ere-Chevilly-Loiret-2006-2007.-Sur-une-surface-avoisinan
  4. Discovery of extraordinary Celtic vestiges in Bulgaria Extraordinary remains recently unearthed make it possible to trace the presence of Celts on the eastern margins of Europe, where the ancient Thracian kingdoms were located. https://www.nationalgeographic.fr/histoire/2020/09/decouverte-dextraordinaires-vestiges-celtes-en-bulgarie The destiny of the Celts: history and decline For seven centuries, this mysterious people reigned over vast stretches of Europe before being defeated by the Romans. Who were the Celts? And why did their remarkable culture decline? https://www.n
  5. Thank you but the credit goes to Sundiata. He is the Kushite spokesperson.
  6. I do understand, this is why I am trying to talk about library genesis and sci-hub around me. I imagine it is especially annoying when the history of your own country is stuck in overpriced books wrote by western scholars for western students. For the artist, the most active on the units are generally @wackyserious and @Alexandermb But there is also @Stan` contributing a lot on all topics. On the matter of the battering ram, you can express your wish here: https://code.wildfiregames.com/D2815 I don't think it needs really new models. As you see, there is already severa
  7. Ceremonial does not mean symbol (although the Labrys is both). Yes it is a functional tool for religious ceremonies like in every other indo-european cultures. We have the same issue with the Celts, we found a tremendous amount of axe-heads in settlements, but they are generally associated to ceremonies when they are outside a domestic context. Try to apply this hypothesis and this reasoning to other civs, the Romans use axe-heads in ceremonies too and it doesn't mean they commonly use axes on the battlefield. Seeing the "barbarians" as functionally different from other civ is a bias.
  8. No hay problema, estoy feliz de traer un ojo crítico. Como ya he leído gran parte del libro que he citado, tengo una buena idea de lo que parece plausible y lo que no. Como usaban espadas con hojas anchas y curvas, las hachas eran de poca utilidad.
  9. I am not suggesting you should do all the factions, this is simply to remind the bigger picture. The issue of the Thracians was mainly the building design and the lack of both accuracy and cultural reference to the Thracian culture. I think it is better to keep a design entirely based on wood for the Dacians because there are less alternatives in their case. But as you are proposing to do two different sets, distinguishing the Thracians and Odrysians, and as nobody is complaining (silence means consent), I see my position as the minority and I will no longer express my position.
  10. That's a Labrys. Labrys is a ceremonial axe. No doubt that Persians used axes but for the Thracians the question remains. This kind of shape for axe-heads is better suited for tools. You can find axe-heads everywhere, it doesn't mean it is a weapon all the time (obviously). The article from where the figure comes doesn't tell if those are weapons. Those are clearly medieval shapes. Probably Varangian. The Sagaris is a Scythian axe. It is plausible, we do find some in the North among the Getae but that's not something common for the Thracian infantrymen. Here wha
  11. That's not really war waggons but yes they used waggons on the battlefield at one occasion.
  12. Ah you own the book, I thought you were talking about another source quoting the book and talking about the Kushites arsenal. By the way, does the book give pictures of the Kushite weapons in general?
  13. From wikipedia? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nobatia We know from Roman reliefs of the 1st or 2nd century AD that the crossbow was in use as a hunting weapon. As a battlefield weapon, this is far less certain. But as you said, this could be artillery bolts.
  14. Isn't Quasr Ibrim held by the Romans at some point?
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