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Everything posted by Genava55

  1. If you read the beginning of the page, it says: "Agis, on seeing this, with the royal cohort, which was made up of his bravest men, I. plunged right into the dangerpoint of the fight, and cutting down those who resisted most bravely..." There is also the account of Diodorus Siculus, suggesting in this case he did kill some enemies: Diod. 17.63.4: An interesting event occurred in connection with Agis's death. He had fought gloriously and fell with many frontal wounds. As he was being carried by his soldiers back to Sparta, he found himself surrounded by the enemy. Despairing of his own life, he ordered the rest to make their escape with all speed and to save themselves for the service of their country, but he himself armed and rising to his knees defended himself, killed some of the enemy and was himself slain by a javelin cast; he had reigned nine years.
  2. Agis III at the battle of Megalopolis: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015008158407&view=1up&seq=21 "Strabo (XV, 724) gives the treaty between Seleucus and Chandragupta, in which Seleucus ceded certain provinces and gave the Indian a daughter or niece, receiving in return 500 elephants." https://www.jstor.org/stable/626263 that's the motivation for the bonus
  3. The other solution is that training Leonidas bring immediately another king (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leotychidas_II), the same with Agis III (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleomenes_II). While Brasidas (not being a king but a general) wouldn't bring a new one. The other king could have a generic model. Or, the two kings system could be simply a bonus if the hero dies the player got a large discount for the next one.
  4. "always flanked by" I am not sure of. But yeah athletes were considered for the royal guard.
  5. Good idea. That would be unique. Olympic champion? Not sure if it is a proper name.
  6. A better version in pdf New_light_on_Iron_Age_warfare_in_Britain_ocr.pdf
  7. Except that the Assyrians weren't mentioned at Marathon.
  8. From an old thread: Edit: I add this section from a book, dedicated to the military of the Achaemenid empire: Achaemenid_military.pdf
  9. Two articles about the role of women: https://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/women-i https://www.worldhistory.org/article/1492/women-in-ancient-persia/ A few pages from The Armies of Ancient Persia: The Sassanians by Kaveh Farrokh:
  10. There is a conference book on the topic: https://brill.com/view/title/14220 You can get most of the chapters/articles through google scholars for free: https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=The+World+of+the+Khazars&btnG=
  11. What's the relation with insects? A huge part of world emissions are due to coal: It is amazing that you are trying to sound intelligent while saying something so d u m b. first, it is clear that Honduras' climate is warming Finally, what's your issue with the idea that greenhouses gases are trapping heat in the atmosphere? This is supported by direct observation: https://phys.org/news/2015-02-carbon-dioxide-greenhouse-effect.html
  12. Favoring authoritarian regime, clientelism and cult of personality? https://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias-america-latina-45229290 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/22/bolivia-evo-morales-president-national-referendum-fourth-term https://www.reuters.com/article/us-bolivia-politics-idUSKBN1DS2ZX https://muywaso.com/el-machismo-de-evo-en-8-frases-mi-cato-mi-quinceanera-y-mi-charango/ https://elpais.com/internacional/2015/11/17/actualidad/1447788400_619916.html
  13. from the osprey, I think it is the Zhan xian or Dou xian mentioned at the page 15, based on "Wu Jing Zong Yao" document made around 1044 you already mentioned before Yeah obviously we need to be careful with Osprey. I know that those books can be really bad depending the topic.
  14. Better pictures and with the description text
  15. In English, I suggest those articles: Dating Caral, a Preceramic Site in the Supe Valley on the Central Coast of Peru Radiocarbon dates from the site of Caral in the Supe Valley of Peru indicate that monumental corporate architecture, urban settlement, and irrigation agriculture began in the Americas by 4090 years before the present (2627 calibrated years B.C.) to 3640 years before the present (1977 calibrated years B.C.). Caral is located 23 kilometers inland from the Pacific coast and contains a central zone of monumental, residential, and nonresidential architecture covering an area of 65 hectares. Caral is one of 18 large preceramic sites in the Supe Valley. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/12010372_Dating_Caral_a_Preceramic_Site_in_the_Supe_Valley_on_the_Central_Coast_of_Peru The Evolution of Social Institutions in the Central Andes The chapter traces the evolution of complex socio-political institutions in the Andes from their appearance in the north coast of Peru at the end of the 4th millennium BCE to the sprawling Inca Empire of the fifteenth century CE. For each period, the author describes the kinds of social institutions that developed among the varied societies of this vast region. The evolutionary process centers on monumental architecture requiring coordinated labor. After two millennia of complex social development, state societies emerged by coopting trade networks and barter fairs. The states focused on the control of roads and strategic colonies throughout their region. An elite style of architecture and statecraft was based on earlier, nonstate political, and economic institutions. These grew slowly and lasted for at least a half a millennium. State collapse was followed by political and social realignments, the context for the rapid growth of the Inca Empire in the fifteenth century. Unlike the first states, the Inca Empire was characterized by contiguous provinces and an imperial bureaucracy that administered dozens of distinct ethnic groups and provinces. The earlier relationships between trade, production, and distribution were coopted by the Inca into a grand imperial strategy of population concentration and the creation of industrial enclaves. The rapid rise of the Inca was followed by its relatively quick political collapse at the hands of European invaders. https://docdro.id/EpB1Td1 And this thesis: Caral and the rise to civilization in the Norte Chico Peru The site of Caral, Peru has undergone much archaeological excavations under the direction of Dr. Ruth Shady over the course of the years following 1994. Caral has been radiocarbon dated to over five thousand years ago. It has been proposed by some scholars, Dr. Shady included, that the site of Caral and the surrounding sites in the Supe Valley represent a state level society. However, there is a general consensus in the literature holding that Caral does not represent a highly stratified society such as a state. In order to gain a better understanding of what Caral really represents, this thesis compares Caral to two known state level societies, the Moche and Tiwanaku states. The comparison is based on a number of key factors seen in state levels societies namely, site size and distribution, monumental architecture, craft specialization, iconography and burial stratification. https://minds.wisconsin.edu/handle/1793/66572
  16. From Quansheng et al.: Recent advances on reconstruction of climate and extreme events in China for the past 2000 years
  17. That's the dataset from Zhu Kezhen, probably made around the 1970s. He was a brillant scientist but at this time the methods in palaeoclimatology were limited. This curve mostly follows the dataset from Camp Century ice core in Greenland. So I would not say it is accurate.
  18. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/ancient-mesoamerica/article/abs/lowland-maya-protoclassic/5335DC5DED61C9C3E634731A9FAF9995 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00934690.2018.1438690 http://www.caracol.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/ACDC2018.pdf From a 2016 book, titled "The Origins of Maya States":
  19. Russian Neo-Nazis Participate in ‘Denazifying’ Ukraine – Der Spiegel https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2022/05/23/russian-neo-nazis-participate-in-denazifying-ukraine-der-spiegel-a77762 https://www.zdf.de/nachrichten/politik/russland-neonazis-rechtsextreme-ukraine-krieg-100.html UN rights chief visits China as leaked files show abuse of Uyghur Muslims https://www.france24.com/en/asia-pacific/20220525-un-rights-chief-visits-china-as-leaked-files-show-abuse-of-uyghur-muslims Xinjiang leak reveals extent of Chinese abuses in Uighur camps https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/5/24/xinjiang-leak-sheds-new-light-on-chinas-uighur-camps 44% of China's Imprisoned Journalists Are Uyghurs https://www.voanews.com/a/of-china-s-imprisoned-journalists-are-uyghurs/6556294.html
  20. If we take the case of "Opposition Platform — For Life", the party had as a chairman member someone very close to Putin: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Medvedchuk He was also a chairman of the Pro-Russian NGO "Ukrainian Choice" which is repeating Kremlin propaganda in Ukraine, saying that the Ukrainian state is like the third Reich, propagating also an anti-gay discourse (as same-sex marriage is a symbol of decaying West for the Kremlin) and hypocritically an anti-semitic discourse by saying the Jews are controlling the Ukrainian state: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukrainian_Choice There is also the case of Illia Kyva, an elected member of "Opposition Platform — For Life" in the parliament. He was also a member of another party now declared illegal, the Socialist Party of Ukraine: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illia_Kyva Illia Kyva supported the Russian invasion of Ukraine and called for a nuclear strike on Ukraine. He was also very close to important people in the armed battalions of pro-russian separatists. Another one, if we take the party of Shariy, founded by Anatoly Shariy, we have one of the weirdest form of Pro-Russian propaganda: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Party_of_Shariy#Relations_with_Russian_ultra-nationalists_and_anti-government_coups https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anatoly_Shariy#Shariy's_attitude_towards_homosexuality We have an anti-Ukrainian politician which is clearly in favor of killing homosexuals, even in gas chambers, founding a party with people having ties with the pro-russian separatist armed forces or even having participated in the insurrection in 2014. So I kinda understand those parties having been declared illegals due to the ongoing war. It's only this year that they have been prohibited.
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