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Of water and waves


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Let's use this new forum. Following my conversion of myconid's efforts to ARB, I have ported the water shader (and now, the water with shadows effect). In turn, I figured: why not give a shot at improving this? And hence I tried.

First, a link to this album, which shows (in the first version) the many differences between the old and the new shader. I think we'll all agree that the new shader allows the "waviness" factor to mean much more.

I've just added three pictures, and in particular, those two, which show the wave size scaling with waviness:

L8cNq.pngDJtyY.png

I'd like to know if the direction I'm taking is allright with the rest of the team/most people, and if anybody has idea for improvements.

Additionally, thanks to myconid's efforts, we have shadows on the water, and I have taken the liberty of having murkiness effect the transparency of shadows (I'm not sure how water works, but it made sense at the time).

Edited by wraitii
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And of course that's what it was, thanks a lot Myconid. Okay, I'm taking various screenshots because it looks cool and the new post-proc effects are dead awesome, then I'm busy for a while. I think I'

Made the water specular stand out more. Might be a bit too much right now at some angles (both sun and camera), I'd like some feedback. A sunset screen: (compare with older things).

Finished fiddling... This should be customizable and good-looking enough. Under this system, the water refraction is modified by depth and murkiness. The deeper/murkier, the more tinted toward "Water

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Additionally, thanks to myconid's efforts, we have shadows on the water, and I have taken the liberty of having murkiness effect the transparency of shadows (I'm not sure how water works, but it made sense at the time).

I think that makes a lot of sense, given that "murkiness" in real life™ is due to particles in the water which would receive shadows if they were modelled individually.

Edited by zoot
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I think that makes a lot of sense, given that "murkiness" in real life™ is due to particles in the water which would receive shadows if they were modelled individually.

Yes, though perhaps there could be just 2 shadows (then without particles): One on the water surface and one on the ground below the water. The shadow on the water would be for refractivity differences of water/air and particles in the water/at the water's surface. The second would account for the light still shining through. The second (to be absolute realistic) might also need to consider the refractivity difference of air/water.

I have no idea about particles or GPU abilities in general, just a though.

Edited by FeXoR
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Yes, though perhaps there could be just 2 shadows (then without particles): One on the water surface and one on the ground below the water. The shadow on the water would be for refractivity differences of water/air and particles in the water/at the water's surface. The second would account for the light still shining through. The second (to be absolute realistic) might also need to consider the refractivity difference of air/water.

I have no idea about particles or GPU abilities in general, just a though.

To do that (and a few other things), we'd need to have some sort of basic raytracing. We have to know the distance between the light entering the water and hitting the ground. It can perhaps be approximated, but it's already much harder to compute.

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Well, right now, the ARB and GLSL shaders give the same results and take the same inputs.

When myconid implements his post-processing effect, I'll be able to improve the quality of the water with proper knowledge of depth, but in the meanwhile, this will do.

I'll try to implement a basic foam, it should not prove too hard. Proper wave breaching is out of the question in the current version of the shader.

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The problem with that system is that it requires the water plane to have more vertices than it currently has (I'd say at least 4 times more), and it would then require to calculate each frame the water physics. While it's certainly possible, it's way slower than what we have know if we want a proper result. It's far from impossible, but it would really only benefit for simulating stormy seas.

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The problem is that it is animated. If it is to be improved, we need 60 animated (seamlessy) frames. Current size is 128*128, using at least 256*256 would improve the quality.

@Myconid: yeah, that's the idea. I'll scale it with waviness, so that on shallow maps like Oasis, if waviness is low, the foam won't be seen all over the place.

Edited by wraitii
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The problem is that it is animated. If it is to be improved, we need 60 animated (seamlessy) frames. Current size is 128*128, using at least 256*256 would improve the quality.

@Myconid: yeah, that's the idea. I'll scale it with waviness, so that on shallow maps like Oasis, if waviness is low, the foam won't be seen all over the place.

@Gen_kenobi: Do you think you could make a nice looking water texture with 60 frames? ;)

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FYI, in the current form of the shader, it should try to simulate a wavy ocean, but not one where waves are 3 meters tall. Something like this. It's practical because if can be scaled down fairly nicely.

For really stormy seas, the current system is simply not working.

BTW myconid, I'm still unsatisfied by the way the game currently gives you water depth and so on, so I think I'll try to do something with the heightmap anyway, in order to have an idea of the direction of the coast (could be used to properly simulate shore waves).

I've merged with your waterTest branch, currently recompiling.

And yes, new texture. Basically took some stuff on google, and modified it in photoshop. I'm using two textures, one rotated and moving differently, multiplying the result to give randomness, but it's not perfect.

Edited by wraitii
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For really stormy seas, the current system is simply not working.

Agreed. I think the massive water plane we have at the moment is too inflexible (pun intended) and you can't really do much with it. Maybe eventually we can replace that with multiple small water planes that each has its own elevation, materials, etc and can be placed in Atlas as objects.

BTW myconid, I'm still unsatisfied by the way the game currently gives you water depth and so on, so I think I'll try to do something with the heightmap anyway, in order to have an idea of the direction of the coast (could be used to properly simulate shore waves).

I've merged with your waterTest branch, currently recompiling.

I hear you. Updated my biwater branch with some hacky and inefficient code to give you access to the depth buffer so you can experiment in the shader. (not confident that it works, btw, haven't tested it)

And yes, new texture. Basically took some stuff on google, and modified it in photoshop. I'm using two textures, one rotated and moving differently, multiplying the result to give randomness, but it's not perfect.

Nice, looking forward to see what you do! :)

Edited by myconid
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