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balduin

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About balduin

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  1. The current model of the defense tower is a blend of the Debre Damo bell tower (color/size), the chapel of Bet Danaghel (architecture) and the Gondarian defense tower (size). I think, @m7600 did a really good job on the defense tower.
  2. Keep in mind Amba Geshen and Amba Mariam used both mountains as part of their physical security design. They were not build to defend a city or palace. Maybe, you can incorporate Ambas in the mod, by making a fortress sitting on top of a larger earth platform. The fortress itself should have a gate, just like in the photograph and some buildings (churches, monasteries) in it.
  3. The Ethiopians had Fortresses on mountaintops. Amba Geshen was one. Amba Geshen was used as prison and to keep the imperial treasury. The fortress was captured by Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi, from the Adal Sultanate. The capture attempts and final capture are mentioned in the Futuh al-Habasha. In addition, Francisco Álvares described Amba Geshen. Today, nothing is left of Amba Geshen, other than two rebuild churches. However, during the British expedition to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in 1868, British soldiers took a photograph of the gate of Amba Mariam or fortress of Magdala [1], before b
  4. Yes, that is exactly what I meant. Furthermore, the Yemrehana Krestos Church which was build 11th or 12th century. According to Wikipedia: source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Yemerehne_kristos,_esterno,_01.jpg The Yemrehana Krestos Church is a couple of miles/kilometer away from Lalibela. The architectural style not an departure from the Aksumit style, but rather the next iteration towards the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela.
  5. I read your sources again, less tired than the last time. Yes, they most likely used chain mail to some degree. However, it is still surprising to not see them in the wall paintings or later photographs. Maybe, wearing chain mail a fashion trend during the end of the 15th and beginning of the 16th century. Do you know if there are any descriptions of archer in Futuh Al-Habasa or by Francisco Álvares?
  6. Why are fortresses so important to you? I do not see a problem having a faction which does not have fortresses. I agree with @Ultimate Aurelian. In my opinion the world is changing constantly. Civilizations rise and fall. Nations are created and disappear [1]. However, not all the buildings, traditions and cultural aspects disappear. They coexist with newer buildings, traditions and cultural aspects. During the Solomonic period in Ethiopia, there were buildings from the Kingdom of Axum, the Zagwe dynasty and the Solomonic dynasty. Because the world is changing constantly, I s
  7. The Solomonic Dynasty and the Zagweans are both Christian dynasties. In my opinion the cultural change from one dynasty to another was very minimal. I assume the biggest change from one Dynasty to another was the bloodline of he Emperor. In addition, "The church of Genneta Maryam, which is traditionally believed to have been built by Yekuno Amlak" Furthermore, the Sacred Landscapes of Tigray has 121 rock-hewn churches dating anywhere between the 5th and 14th century AD. Rock-hewn churches are very common in Ethiopia. In addition, I think they survived over several hundred years,
  8. I actually think they used some quilted cotton armors. However, I was unable to find anything definitive. Almost all the wall paintings from the Ethiopian churches show Ethiopian warriors without chainmails. Even later in photographs and engravings none of them show warriors with chainmails. However, what you see a lot with the Portuguese arrival is guns. The Ethiopians were very fast in adopting guns. What surprises me is, that the Ethiopians were more willing to accept weapons from Christian empires, than from the Muslims.
  9. Yes, you are right. Yes, you are right again. However, unless you implement the people from the Swahili coast, what ships should the Kingdom of Zimbabwe have? One trick would be make them mercenary ships from the people of the Swahili coast.
  10. The title of the Ethiopian Emperor was nəgusä nägäst which means Kings of Kings. This title should be understood literally. For example, the Sultanat of Ifat was a Muslim "Kindgdom". Ifat rebelled against Amda Seyon I, who defeated the rebels of Ifat. Afterwards Amda Seyon I decided who can become king, he selected members of the Walashma dynasty, the same dynasty rebelling against him. Basically, Ifat was more or less a Kindgdom in the Ethiopian Kindgdom. The major difference between both was the religion. The Ethiopians were Christians and the people of the Sultanat of Ifat Muslims. Ifa
  11. According to Wikipedia the Kingdom of Zimbabwe had many Asian and Arabic goods. That means they needed to get them by ship. The monsoon 'trade winds' allowed merchants to travel between Asia (especially India) and East Africa. The following map shows the trade routes. Many of them went over the ocean. Makoro are good for fishing, but not long distance trade routes. For trading dhows where used. There are several different types of dhows, some for fishing some for trading. source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dhow_znz.jpg source: https://en.w
  12. The Kingdom of Zimbabwe was according to this map landlocked. However, the Zambezi river flows through the country, as well as several other rivers. The Zambezi ends up in the Indian Ocean. source: https://www.themaparchive.com/great-zimbabwe-c-1000.html Zambia fishing boats: source: https://artofsafari.travel/what-to-do/luxury-safaris-zambia/lower-zambezi-national-park/tiger-fishing-zambia/ Drinking, fishing, washing, transporting: the Zambezi River provides many services for resident people in its basin (photo credit: ETH Zurich/Elisa Calamita/Davide Vanzo)
  13. The Bozo people live mostly along the Niger River in Mali as well as the seasonal Lake Débo. They are the fishermen of Mali. They use a canoe (or pirogue) for fishing and transporting goods. source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pirogue_010.jpg source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pêcheur_Bozo.JPG source: http://www.galenfrysinger.com/niger_river.htm source: https://www.onhiatus.com/journal/journal.cgi/19981108.html source: http://www.ibike.org/bikeafrica/mali/essay/02-koulikoro.htm s
  14. There is another madras build by the Marinids in Fez: Bou Inania Madrasa. The mosque is considered the high point of Marinid architecture. source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Medersa_Bou_Inania_(4782232548).jpg source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bou_inania_minaret.jpg For more pictures have a look at: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Bou_Inania_Madrasa,_Fes
  15. Actually, the mosque was huge for the time. Today, it might look small. However, at that time it was the largest mosque in Africa. "The Karaouine1 mosque at Fez was founded by Fatimah bint Muhammad al Fihri, the daughter of a wealthy citizen from Kairouan in Tunisia, in 859 A.D. [...] The original building was of modest dimensions, but it was greatly enlarged in the following century. Both its physical dimensions and its educational scope kept increasing from year to year. [...] [...] it attained its present size already under the Almoravid Sultan 'Ali ibn Yusuf (1106-1145). The larg
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