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Syracuse and Massilia? Need Help!

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I have recently seen in Rome 2 some Greek factions called Massilia and Syracuse, I was wondering if anyone could possibly answer any of these questions regarding each nation for me. Any help would be greatly appreciated and I thank everyone who has taken the time to read this! It means a lot!


- Was Syracuse a Kingdom?

- Where did the original Greeks of Syracuse come from i.e (Sparta, Athens, Corinth etc.)

- Does anyone know any famous Syracuse warriors or leaders

- Who were Syracuse's main allies and enemies

- Does anyone know any symbols or banners associated with Syracuse



- Was Massilia a Kingdom?

- Does anyone know any famous Massilia warriors or leaders

- Who were Massilia's main allies and enemies

- Does anyone know any symbols or banners associated with Massilia

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Syracuse: Syracuse was orginally greek colony on sicily founded by Corinth in 734 BEC.  The city enjoyed a period of expansion and prosperity under the tyrant Gelon in the 5th century BCE, survived a two year siege by Athenian forces from 415 to 413 BCE, and again prospered under the tyrant Dionysius in the 4th century BCE when the city controlled much of Sicily and large portions of southern Italy. Achimedes lived there. He was a greek mathematicain, engineer, physicist, inventor and astronomer, but not a leader. The romans was the main enemies and they did try siege the city 214 - 212 BEC. Achimedes invented much war machines to protect Syracus. His inventors was the claw of achimedes (capture ships near the city wall) and the heat ray (sunbeams was focused on a same point and torch anything). Roman legions did killl Archimedes. Syracus was trade with lot of colonies arround mediterranean (Carthagain and Greeks). Carthagain and Syracus was build the main allies. But i dont know if the banner of Syracus was appear today.


Deinomenids (485–465)

Thrasybulus was deposed in 465 and Syracuse had a republican government for the next sixty years. This period is usually known as the Second Democracy (465-405). The extent to which Syracuse was a democracy in the same sense as Athens during this period is debated.

Dionysii (405–344)

Timoleon (345–337)

Timoleon revived a republican form of government in Syracuse, which continued after his death. This period is usually known as the Third Democracy (337-317). The name is misleading; for at least some of the period Syracuse was run as an oligarchy.

Agathocles (317–289)

Numismatic evidence suggests that republican government may have existed for a few years between the death of Agathokles and Hicetas' assumption of power; this is sometimes referred to as the Fourth Democracy (289-287?). Nothing is known about it.

Interregnum (289–276)

Hieronids (275–214)


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 Along the north-western coast of the Mediterranean Sea between Spain and Italy lies the ancient city of Massilia (modern Marseilles). Originally founded in 600 BCE by Ionian Greeks from Phocaea, the city would one day challenge the might of Carthage (defeating them in both the 5th and 6th centuries BCE) and dominate the region, establishing a number of colonies in southern Gaul during the 3rd and 4th centuries BCE. But i dont know about leaders or warriors. The siege of Massilia (March-September 49 BC) was an early victory for Caesar during the Great Roman Civil War, largely won by his subordinates while Caesar himself campaigned in Spain. Carthagain founded a colony there before the Roman defeated them. Massilia has a golden lion on blue background in Rome 2. Idk how did sign it in real.

Edited by Hidan
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Syracusae was the largest, most powerful, and, reportedly, the most beautiful of all Greek city states. It was the archenemy of Carthage for centuries (Rome was a relative latecomer, originally a minor Carthaginian trade partner and ally); both cities attempted to conquer all of Sicily and dominate trade in the Western Mediterranean; Carthage and Syracusae launched several (unsuccesfull) attempts against each other, and repeatedly besieged. They were also frequently at war with the other Greek cities on Sicily, which frequently changed their allegiance.

During the Peloponnesian War, Athens, always eager to expand its influence, invaded Sicily with the intention to conquer Syracusae, a perceived Spartan ally. The army they sent was much larger than any Athens ever fielded; nevertheless, Syracusae annihilated it; the Sicilian Expedition was a turning point in the Peloponnesian War; this enormous defeat in Sicily resulted in Athens losing the greater war in the end.

Syracusae probably peaked under the Dionysius. During his reign engineers, artists, and philosophers from throughout the Greek world gathered at his court; Plato was one of them. Also, the quadrireme was adopted and the quinquereme and sexireme were invented in Syracusae. Furthermore, artillery designs (ballista, catapult, gastraphetes, etc.) were perfected and started being used.

Archimedes, the greatest scientist of antiquity, was a Syracusean native and lived all his life there. He was reportedly killed when Rome conquered the city in 212 BC after a years' long siege.


A typical coin of Syracusae, displaying Arthusa and a quadriga.



Massilia was not as famous as Syracusae, but it certainly was the most important city along the Gulf of Lion. A significant portion of trade between the Gaulish and Greek worlds went via Massilia. It lost its independence when it was conquered by Caesar in 49 BC.


A Massilian coin, displaying Artemis and a lion.

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