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Ardworix

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Everything posted by Ardworix

  1. Some models based on the Cantabra War. Several references to the weapons and costumes used by the Lusitanians comes from coins commemorating the Augustus period referring to the Roman victory over the Cantabrians, and that despite the name "cantabra", took over an alliance between Galaicos from the mouth of the Minho to today's Cantabria. This is also because, according to Estrabon, all the cimbros (Lusitanians, Galaicos and Cantabrios) were dressed in the same way and used the same weapons.
  2. The textures are very beautiful, I imagine the work it took to make them. If you allow me, a few remarks.... regarding the tunics: Textura fase 2 infantería ligera; (túnica lusitana escaramuzador, espadachín, hondero, lancero, y de la caballería a distancia como caballería cuerpo a cuerpo). The skirts (or kilt), based on the statues called "Lusitanian warrior", are in checkerboard (or tartan) which was derived from looms, common to almost all peoples of Indo-European origin. I think it would also be important to consider Estrabon's express description of the Lusitanian people's way of dressing, he says: About it, also Diodorus Sciculus: I believe that linothorax is missing, such as the lorica saquamata, among the armor of the Lusitanians. As well as, I think that the coloring of the clothes as of the covers, in the textures, should be predominantly black. I also consider that leggings, leather or fur, should figure in the texture. I would also suggest putting the Torc on the neck, as virias (bracelets) in the textures, represented in the statues of the Lusitanian warriors: A good reference of a Lusitanian warrior wearing linothorax is the archaeological find in the Municipality of Bande, of what would be a chess piece, in it besides the linothorax, the Lusitanian warrior wears a montfortino helmet, and fur gaiters, and cape. Also interesting to note the traditional side braids of hair and mustache: Other good image references are those of the Galician archaeologist and historian André Pena Graña:
  3. I suggest that it is among the three heroes: Cauceno, Viriato and Sertorius. Caucene, because he did the feat of crossing the columns of Hercules, and attacking the Romans at their base in North Africa. What did denotes a certain naval mastery of Lusitanian. About it, says Apiano: Viriato for obvious reasons which I won't elaborate on. Especially, I think it would be interesting to add Sertorius as the third hero of the lusitanian faction. In spite of being of Roman origin. Sertório was certainly, after Viriato, the greatest "general" who led the lusitanian in a war as intense or more intense than the one waged by Viriato. There was a moment when the Romans mobilized 130 thousand men against the Portuguese of Sertorius. This also implies an increase in the gameplay of the Lusitanian faction. This is because, with Sertorius, it is mentioned by Plutarch that Sertorius' troops created a naval flotilla, siege weapons and other weapons, previously only used by the Romans. In other words, the Lusitanian faction could have available weapons already available in the Roman faction. Finally, I think, that Roman weapons could be made available to the Lusitanians in the third and last phase of development.
  4. Yes, I talk about it at the beginning of the topic. There is a Roman mural depicting the spoils of war, alluding to the end of the war in the Iberian Northwest, where we can see the weapons used. The scamatta lorica appears to have been originally of use of the Lusitanians, and later copied by the Romans as the "glaudius hispaniensis". The use of crimson color, the Roman army wore gray, when the invasion of the Iberian. The "salutatio iberika" was also copied by the Romans. Shield called by romans caetra, probably name lusitanian "Ataga" with "kladiwos"/sword. lorica squamatta
  5. I contemplated the Lusitanian faction, which Sertório figure up from the Lusitanian heroes. Sertorius was a Roman general who led the so-called war sertoriana the front of the Lusitanian. Sertório, was exiled in North Africa, with the death of Viriato, the Lusitanian rescued so that liderassem in the liberation of lusitania the Roman judge. Sertório then organized the earlier Lusitanian hordes in the Roman army formations, did build a naval squadron, endowed them with siege weapons and so dominated the whole Iberian. But it ended up having the same fate as Viriato, when was murdered at a banquet. I would have been able to sweep the Roman occupation of the Iberian. So with the choice of Sertório as hero, the Lusitanian faction could be provided with improvements turtle formations, siege weapons, warships, etc ... Now, if disposal, creating new factions. I think we could do something similar, even within the Iberian faction when choosing Viriato as hero. It might i to create an elite corps made available with the choice of hero Viriato, the "devotio", a body of sworn officers to give their lives for their boss. I do not know if it would be feasible biggest changes as the costumes, structures, etc ... for greater lusitanization the Iberian faction to choose the hero Viriato
  6. The Lusitanians Sanctuaries The Lusitanians held their religious ceremonies in rupestres "sanctuaries" in the hills, called "croio teutático". Strabon reports that: "The Lusitanian often sacrifice to the gods, examine the entrails without the boot of the body of the victims, also observe the chest veins, and also take certain indications by simple probing. Even Consult in some cases human entrails, serving up to that of pows, previously lining the sagum ([xvii]) to the sacrifice, and when the victim falls to the open womb by the hand of arúspice ([xviii]) take the first omen of own downfall of the body. often also cut the right hand to the captives and offer it to the gods. " Croio Teutático
  7. "All the mountaineers lead a simple life, are water-drinkers, sleep on the ground, and let their hair stream down in thick masses after the manner of women, though before going into battle they bind their hair about the forehead. The shield of which use is small, with only two feet in diameter, the front side is concave;. Bring the drop to the neck by a lanyard, do not see one with clamps or buckles They set up with a dagger or sword . Most have linen breastplates; others, but in small numbers, using mail and the triple summit helmet;. in general helmets are leather Pedestrians also have leather gaiters, and each takes many long darts in hand;. some serve up spears with bronze tip [...] All the men wear black, and telling the truth, do not leave your Sagos making use of them as blankets in their dry straw beds :. these robes, like those of the Celts, are made of coarse wool or goat hair Women only wear robes and colored dresses made of crossed wire ". - Strabo, Geography, Book III. "They use iron spears, swords and helmets and use as the Celtiberians. They use rough black robes made of wool, such as goat hair. Some of them are armed with light shields Gauls, others with Sketon as big as shields and use greaves on his legs made of coarse hair and bronze helmets on their heads, adorned with red feathers. They carry two-edged swords exactly seasoned with steel, and have daggers beside a long period, they do use in upcoming fights. "- Diodorus Siculus - Book V, Britain, Gaul and Iberia.
  8. The current Iberian faction, basically follows a structural aesthetics of celtiberians buildings with Iberian costumes. Recalling that the Iberian peninsula is divided into 3 major groups: 1. Proto-Celts (Galician-Lusitanian); 2. Celtiberos; and 3. Iberians. The Lusitanians were the greatest and most powerful of the Iberian nations and that more time resisted the Roman arms. In what was called "Lusitanian War", with Viriato, the Lusitanian chief, never having been defeated by the Romans.
  9. As you already mentioned, Strabo says the Lusitanian is designated Galician. "the most of the Lusitanians are called Callaicans." - Strabo. However the greatest war waged against the Romans in the Iberian designated by the classic historiography, it was designated "Lusitanian Wars", getting the name.
  10. Castro Monzinho: Notice within the central enclosure where there are no houses, as in the castro are Cibrão, this area was intended to Druidic and enclosures housing the local chief. The same occurs in other forts such as Briteiros. Citânia Sanfins:
  11. Castro (Hillfort) de São Cibrão (ancient Lancobriga).
  12. Description of Lusitanians by Diodoro Sículo and Estrabon: Diodoro Sículo: "Those they call Lusitanians are the most valiant of all the Cimbri. These, in, times of war, carry little targets made of bowel strings, so strong and firm, as completely to guard and defend their bodies. In fights they manage these, so nimbly whirling them about here and there, that with a great deal of art they avoid and repel every dart that is cast at them. They use hooked saunians made all of iron, and wear swords and helmets like to those of the Celtiberians.: They wear black rough cassocks made of wool, like to goat's hair. Some of them are armed with the Gaulish light shields, others with bucklers as big as shields, and wear greaves about their legs made of rough hair, and brazen helmets upon their heads, adorned with red plumes. They carry two-edged swords exactly tempered with steel, and have daggers beside, of a span long, which they make use of in close fights. They make weapons and darts in an admirable manner; for they bury plates of iron so long under ground, till the rust hath consumed the weaker part, and so the rest becomes more strong and firm. Of this they make their swords and other warlike weapons; and with these arms, thus tempered, they so cut through every thing in their way, that neither shield, helmet, nor bone can withstand them. And because they are furnished with two swords, the horse, when they have routed the enemy, alight and join with the foot, and fight to admiration. They throw their darts at a great distance, and yet are sure to hit their mark, and wound deeply: being of active and nimble bodies, they can easily fly from, or pursue their enemy, as there is occasion : but when they are under hardships, they cannot endure near so much as the Celtiberians." Estrabon: " [...] the Lusitanians, it is said, are given to laying ambush, given to spying out, are quick, nimble, and good at deploying troops. They have a small shield two feet in diameter, concave in front, and suspended from the shoulder by means of thongs (for it has neither arm-rings nor handles). Besides these shields they have a dirk or a butcher's-knife. Most of them wear linen cuirasses; a few wear chain-wrought cuirasses and helmets with three crests, but the rest wear helmets made of sinews. The foot-soldiers wear greaves also, and each soldier has several javelins; All the men dress in black, for the most part in coarse cloaks, in which they sleep, on their beds of litter."
  13. "In time of war they march observing-time and measure; and sing the paeans when they are just ready to charge the enemy" - Diodorus Siculus.
  14. Lusitanians Warships: In what became known as "War Sertorius,"(80 a 72 A.D.) Quintus Sertorius was that according to Plutarch The Roman Major after Caesar, Sertorius was exiled to North Africa, when the decline of the Roman Republic, assailed by the Oligarchy. With the death of Viriathus, the Lusitanians were seeking Sertorius to lead them against Rome and liberate their homeland. Sertorius saw it as an opportunity to defeat the Roman Oligarchy and accepts lead them. Arriving at the Lusitania, the Lusitanians Sertório structure within the Roman conception of the regular army, sending concomitant build a navy of war. Plutarch reports that Sertorius defeated Cotta a naval battle near Mellaria. Bireme. Trireme.
  15. The "structure" is "Iberic" and "celtiberic" 2 of 3 heroes are Iberic, only Viriatus is Lusitanian. However the some weapons and cloth are common, the description of the Lusitanian by Strabo says the use of linen cloth. "Most of Them wear linen cuirasses, a few wear cuirasses and helmets wrought-chain with three crests, but the rest wear helmets made ​​of sinews The foot - soldiers wear greaves Also, and each soldier has several javelins;. Also and some make use of spears, and the spears have bronze heads. "- Strabon. It is also worth mentioning the use of Black Covers: "and let their hair down stream in thick masses after the Manner of women, though before going into battle They bind Their hair about the forehead. [....] All the men dress in black, for the most part in coarse cloaks, In which . They Sleep, on beds of litter Their and They use waxen vessels, just as the Celts But the women always go clad in long gowns and mantles gay-colored. "-. Strabon.
  16. "Corocotta", was a heroi of Cantabra War. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corocotta However it is debatable inclusion of Cantabros as Celtiberian, the current trend of archeology is to classify them as Celts. Corocotta is always celebrated as one of the greatest exponents of Cantabra War.
  17. I wonder if the Elk antler hadn't rather been a real world one instead of being artificially made as drawn in the sketch. It's difficult to see on the coin. The picture looks nice though. I beg your pardon what does 'not in the mask' mean? The bucula is not shown in the image? So we have to add it to the helmet's 3D model? (once we model it) About the Suevi, they reached only to the end of the Roman Empire from 409 to 585 After Christ, is a historical period long after the "Lusitanian Wars". About mask (buccula), would have to attach to the helmet.
  18. Generic Name: Caetratus Specific Name: Ezpatari Class: Swordsman. Armament: Falcata sword of antenna. Appearance: Garb: Basic tunic is of cream-coloured cloth with short-sleeved shirt. Hemmed sleeves and hem at the bottom of the skirt can be used for civ colour identification bands. Two metal rings above the elbows on each arm. The breast has a scaled armour plate 'vest' strapped over the shirt part of the tunic and chain mail skirt below. Gains a bronze breastplate when upgraded to Ultimate rank. Shield: Caetra, small shield. Helmet: No headgear for basic unit, crested spine for advanced, plumed horsehair for Ultimate; see concept drawing below. Figure(s): - History: “They have a small shield two feet in diameter, concave in front, and suspended from the shoulder by means of thongs (for it has neither arm-rings nor handles). Besides these shields they have a dirk or a butcher's-knife. Most of them wear linen cuirasses; a few wear chain-wrought cuirasses and helmets with three crests, but the rest wear helmets made of sinews. The foot-soldiers wear greaves also, and each soldier has several javelins; and some also make use of spears, and the spears have bronze heads.” – Estrabon. Garrison: 1. Function: - Special: Iberian Steel.
  19. I thought this statue as a monument: I thought this statue as a monument: It was in the Castro, between the outer and inner wall. Apparently it was a funerary monument to a hero or chief highlighted.
  20. Generic Name: House Specific Name: Tegos Class: House. Notes: History: Tegos, em formato circular com paredes de pedra, coberto por palha, algumas com uma pequena varanda na entrada.
  21. Generic Name: Civic CentreSpecific Name: TrebaClass: Civic Centre. History: Treba was the house of the lineage, the political-territorial unit which extendia agricultural land area. Was located in the Castro (Brix). Model Citânia Sanfins rectangular format: View inside the Citânia Sanfins: Panoramic view:
  22. The period of "Lusitanian Wars" (the pinnacle of civilization so to speak) is 200 to 19 before Christ. Note: Just for information, before this period, the Lusitanians took part in the armies of Hannibal in the Punic Wars, and before as mercenaries with the Spartans against Athens.
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