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Just a work in progress for the mod I'm making. It's a storehouse for the Mali Empire

Here is how the civic center looks like in game. It still needs a lot (seriously, a lot) of work, but I followed @Ultimate Aurelian's recommendations by removing the spiked doorway and the zig-zag dec

Malian defense tower WIP

Posted Images

On 6/15/2020 at 5:26 PM, m7600 said:





These guys are Mossi, from Burkina Faso. That's King Wobgho, previously known as Boukary Koutou, and his men:

Found the original source recently, sorry for repost:

Boukary Mossi King Heavy Cavalry Burkina Faso Africa history.jpg

Boukary Mossi King Heavy Cavalry slave raiders Burkina Faso Africa history 2.jpg


Not necessarily a bad reference though... They're actually ok. Actually you could just call them Mossi Mercenaries... 


Here are some more 19th century references for the Mali region. Just imagine them without guns ;) 

Bambara and Toucouleurs duking it out:

Razzia et défaite des Massassis à Tomboula Bambaras Bamana attack the besiegers muslim mali west africa war conflict army soldiers fighters warririors african cavalry musketeer fort fortress walls battle Kingdom of Kaarta 1868 19th century 2.jpg 


Mandinka warriors:

Soudan-francais-mali-Guinee-fantasia-de-Sofas-koko 2.jpg


Mandinka types in Kong (Ivory Coast), emigrants from the Mali Empire (excellent reference, can be used as is):

Costumes_et_types_de Kong city ivory coast.jpg

Random warrior types (archers I think) from the Mali region:

Group de gueriers bobos.jpg


Toucouleurs (a lot of Mandinka influence here):

toucouleurs  talibe-jeune-eleve-etudiant-le-coran-de-larmee-du-roi-ahmadou-toucouleur-en-costume-de-guerre-gravure-pour-illustrer-le-voyage-dans-le-soudan-2A7KX86.jpg

Guerrier toucouleur.jpg


A local ruler:

Le Serky N'Guiouaé revenant de la prise de Gandi.jpg

Some more cavalry types from the greater Mali region (not exactly sure from where :P  )

This one is perfect for some heavier cav:

West African Cavalry History horse rider soldier warrior fighter military 3.jpg


These look like Fulani types:

West African Cavalry History horse rider soldier warrior fighter military 4.jpg

West African Cavalry History horse rider soldier warrior fighter military 2.jpg



West African Cavalry History horse rider soldier warrior fighter military 1.jpg


Basic troops can be really basic... Toucouleurs fighting the French:



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@Sundiata Thanks! Great references, as usual. I think I will be able to finish this mod in about two weeks, at most. Maybe even one. I have to make sure that everything is working correctly before publishing it. All the art will be licensed as public domain, CC0, so that other creators have full liberty to use the art however they want.

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The Bozo people live mostly along the Niger River in Mali as well as the seasonal Lake Débo. They are the fishermen of Mali.

They use a canoe (or pirogue) for fishing and transporting goods.


source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pirogue_010.jpg


source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pêcheur_Bozo.JPG








source: http://www.galenfrysinger.com/niger_river.htm


source: https://www.onhiatus.com/journal/journal.cgi/19981108.html


source: http://www.ibike.org/bikeafrica/mali/essay/02-koulikoro.htm


source: https://www.danheller.com/images/Africa/Mali/River/Slideshow/img5.html


source: https://www.activityvillage.co.uk/mali





source: http://gei.aerobaticsweb.org/mali_niger.html


source: https://www.fotolibra.com/gallery/1354008/the-royal-niger-companys-expedition-everyday-scenes-on-the-river-niger-1897-a-market-canoe-arriv/


source: mali_niger_river_pinasse_sail02_smug.jpg

Gahna has similar boats:


source: https://www.dreamstime.com/editorial-photo-local-residents-near-fishing-boat-ghana-cape-coast-west-africa-july-parked-boats-main-occupation-locals-part-image49616776


source: https://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/regional-geography-of-the-world-globalization-people-and-places/s10-03-west-africa.html

Senegal as well:


source: https://www.dreamstime.com/stock-photography-africa-senegal-atlantic-coast-fishermen-boats-image12703882


source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Admiral_François-Edmond_Pâris_-_1845_-_Senegal_Boat.png

I think, that the design did not change much from over the last couple of centuries. It would be nice to include this boat type both as trading ship and fishing boat.

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@balduin Thanks! I have definitely been neglecting the water units for all of the civs. But I think I can fix that in the following days. Right now my focus is on playtesting everything, so I don't have much more to show. Here's some .pngs I did for fun, I suppose that something like this (with some corrections) could work for the concept art (although concept art is usually done before 3d modeling). I should probably remove the brick floors, since these would not be seen during the game, except if the building is on uneven terrain.




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The buildings look great. The unnecessary brick floors can be substituted with deeper walls and more steps for the stairs. Your sentry tower is a good example. For some, the stairs can continue left, right, or forked in both directions as long as the boundary is not compromised. Keep in mind that the first/ground floor height should be more than close to the human actor’s, and floors higher up than that can be bit smaller. 

As 0 A.D. transitions to Alpha 24, you might want to add these structures to your African Kingdoms modification:

  • Stable
  • Siege Workshop

For possible scenarios, here are some other optional ones that you can model if you have some time:

  • Archery Range (refer to Borg’s Mod and Delenda Est modifications for inspiration)
  • Large House/Apartment Complex
  • Naval Shipyard (if any one of them has a powerful navy)
  • Outpost (the simple wooden watchtower at Village Phase, can be unique model for each faction)
Edited by Carltonus
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  • 3 weeks later...


Did somebody ask for primary sources? Who's your daddy?!

A significant collection of more than 500 fabrics were excavated from 13 burials in the Bandiagara escarpment in Mali, belonging to the Tellem civilization, pre-dating and overlapping with the later Dogon occupation of the site. The fabrics were carbon dated to the 11th - 16th century AD, and are contemporaneous with the Mali Empire, which ruled this region at the time. The elites of the Mali Empire would have been considerably wealthier and better connected than the Tellem, and would have had access to the same, if not higher quality fabrics, which seem to be mostly locally manufactured.

First saw them herehttps://www.metmuseum.org/exhibitions/listings/2020/sahel-art-empire-sahara/exhibition-guide

Also see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tellem

15th–16th century
Tellem civilization 
(Bandiagara, Mali)
Among the forms of apparel recovered from Tellem burials in the Bandiagara are men’s tunics with wide sleeves. Such garments were made by sewing together narrow strips of cotton cloth woven on traditional West African looms. They were produced in both a straight-bodied style and a gored shape that flares outward.




Before 1659
The fashion and design sensibility of the ancient textiles recovered from the Bandiagara caves is also found in several related tunics acquired in the seventeenth century by the wealthy Ulm merchant Christoph Weickmann. Among them is this spectacular royal robe, which was likely carried to the Atlantic coast via Mande trade networks and exported to Europe from the kingdom of Ardra by the mid-seventeenth century.



Three Bonnets and a Cap
11th–15th century
Tellem civilization



Blanket Fragment
11th–15th century
Tellem civilization
The individuals laid to rest within the Bandiagara caves were clothed and wrapped in cotton or wool blankets. Some five hundred textiles found in just thirteen Bandiagara cave burial contexts have been dated using carbon-14 testing. The earliest among these are eleventh-century fragments from Cave C. The latest, related to Cave F, were produced between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, a period when late Tellem textiles overlapped with those produced by the Dogon. All are composed of finely spun cotton thread in its original, undyed white as well as dyed with indigo.



Textile Fragment
11th–15th century
Tellem civilization



Textile Fragment
15th–16th century (?)
Tellem civilization



11th–15th century
Tellem civilization



Textile Fragment
11th–15th century
Tellem civilization



Sleeve from a Tunic
11th–15th century
Tellem civilization



Textile Fragment
11th–15th century
Tellem civilization




Textile Fragment
11th–15th century
Tellem civilization



Tunic Fragment
12th–13th century
Tellem civilization




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19th century Soninke, Mali:


Compare the caps to the bonnets in the previous post... Even the pattern on the attire of the fellow on the right is similar to some of the 11th to 15th century examples from Bandiagara in the previous post. 


This is also a good reference. The man almost looks like a medieval time traveller...



Another terracotta figurine. Note that he's resting his hoe on his shoulder in exactly the same way as the man in the picture above :P 



Here's a figurine from Komaland in northern Ghana. A different culture, but the attire is comparable to the Djenne terracottas. It's from the 12th - 15th century, contemporaneous with the Mali Empire:

Koma Komaland Northern Ghana terracotta horse cavalry man warrior fighter soldier history archaeology 12th to 15th century.jpg

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  • 6 months later...

Hi guys, hope all is well. Sorry for my absence. 

@m7600 Here a few more depictions of Niger river boats. The larger ones were actually sewn boats. I should also note the use of sails is a contentious question, with no real answer from what I can tell. I'm familiar with only a single reference referring to boats sailing down the Niger in the 18th century, but nothing before that. They could have had a few of those rectangular sails or not, we can't really tell how far back the tradition goes. Anyway:

Niger river Mali sewn boat ship canoe water vessel craft africa pre colonial history naval.jpg

Mali Segou sewn boat ship naval canoe history niger 2554.JPG

Mali Niger river boat canoe sail mast ship Africa naval history 3172.JPG

Mali Niger river canoes sewn boats naval history africa 283.JPG

Mali boats canoes sewn naval history africa Niger river 245.JPG

Transporting a horse on the niger river canoe boat Mali Africa history voyagedanslesoud00mage_0221.jpg

pre colonial africa architecture mali port of Timbuktu history boat ship mali river Landscape-Boat-Kabra-Port-Tombouctou-Timbuktu-Mali-Africa.jpg

Mali Niger river boat pirogue tumblr_ng8g19ICda1sinqcho3_1280.jpg

Mali Niger river boat pirogue pinasse-boats-at-the-port-in-mopti-mali-west-africa-BA20YX.jpg

Mali Niger river boat pirogue 140ea7343310a12350f967bdd41793a1.jpg


Mali Niger river boat pirogue 141-489-20.jpg

Mali Niger river boat pirogue 67127e2d729b829cf5f87e0742b28b03.jpg

Mali Niger river boat pirogue tumblr_ng8gi5dXHh1sinqcho1_1280.jpg

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On 28/06/2020 at 1:54 PM, m7600 said:

I think I will be able to finish this mod in about two weeks, at most. Maybe even one. I have to make sure that everything is working correctly before publishing it. All the art will be licensed as public domain, CC0, so that other creators have full liberty to use the art however they want.

How's it? 

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13 minutes ago, wowgetoffyourcellphone said:

I wonder how far off these would be from Garamantes and Numidians. @Sundiata? (I'm thinking for Delenda Est)

I don't know much (anything) about Numidian domestic architecture. As for the Garamantes, they did indeed use mudbrick architecture, but those typical projecting wooden support beams of the Sudano Sahelian style are not as widely used. Might be ok for some of the houses though...

Reconstruction of a Garamantian settlement:

Garamantes Garamantian settlement Tan Afella Chapter20_Mori_Gatto_etal.jpg


Garamantian ruins:



Here's some modern mudbrick architecture from the region that might give us an idea of Garamantian architecture:



Another example from the region, Murzuk, 1890. The large structure in the background is an Ottoman fort (should be ignored):

View of Murzuk c1890 Artist Barbant W7DFYT.jpg

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